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How to insert data from Questionnaire into TEI document

  1. <sourceDesc>: bibliographical metadata
  2. <profileDesc>: data beyond bibliographical metadata
  3. [...]-annotations.xml: Analyses

An "empty" header (only filled with basic project information) can be downloaded here an then filled with data: empty-header.xml .

1. <sourceDesc> : bibliographical data








Other editions


Example of a fully-structured bibliographic citation (<biblFull>):

  1. <biblFull>
  2.   <titleStmt>
  3.   <title>Xixue tanyuan 西學探源 (Explorations into Western Learning)</title>
  4.   <author>
  5.   <name type="person" ref="persons.xml#OkamotoKansuke">Okamoto Kansuke 岡本監輔</name>
  6.   </author>
  7.   </titleStmt>
  8.   <editionStmt>
  9.   <edition>1st edition</edition>
  10.   </editionStmt>
  11.   <publicationStmt>
  12.   <publisher>Shanghai yinshuguan 上海印書館 (Commercial Press)</publisher>
  13.   <date>Meiji 34 (1901)</date>
  14.   <date>Guangxu 27 (1901)</date>
  15.   </publicationStmt>
  16.   <notesStmt>
  17.   <note>Other editions: not known.</note>
  18.   </notesStmt>
  19.   </biblFull>

Authors, editors


Example (person in DBpedia):

  1. <editor>Chief editor <name type="person" key="">O.Yu. Shmidt</name>.</editor>
Example (person not in DBpedia):
  1. <author>
  2.   <name type="person" ref="persons.xml#OkamotoKansuke">Okamoto Kansuke 岡本監輔</name>
  3.   </author>



Physical description



  1. <physDesc>
  2.   <p>Size: 9.14 in (23.22 cm) * 6.78 in (17.22 cm) </p>
  3.   <p>Volumes: 4 juan</p>
  4.   <p>Script: Woodblock print; names and countries are marked with lines on side </p>
  5.   <p>Illustrations:none</p>
  6.   </physDesc>



  • Lemma-organization
  • Table of contents
  • Index
  • Covered topics


  1. <msContents>
  2.   <p>Lemma-organization: 16 topics.</p>
  3.   <p>Table of contents: simple list in the beginning of the book.</p>
  4.   <p>Index: none.</p>
  5.   <p>Covered topics: <lb/> 1. learning (xuexi 學習)<lb/> 2. education (jiaoyu 教育)<lb/> 3. ethics (lunli 倫理)<lb/> 4. skills and industry (yiye 藝業)<lb/> 5. self-knowledge (shengke 省克)<lb/> 6. great willpower (hongyi 宏毅)<lb/> 7. benevolence and frugality (renjian 仁儉)<lb/> 8. Honesty and trust (jianxin 廉信)<lb/> 9. dedicating oneself to serve the country (baoguo 報國)<lb/> 10. training in military skills (jiangwu 講武)<lb/> 11. economy (jingji 經濟)<lb/> 12. law (falü 法律)<lb/> 13. rhetorics (yanlun 言論)<lb/> 14. political affairs (zhengshi 政事)<lb/> 15. way of the nobleman (jundao 君道)<lb/> 16. diplomacy (waijiao 外交).</p>
  6.   </msContents>

History of manuscript



  1. <history>
  2.   <p>The book is dated Meiji 34 (1901) and Guangxu 27 (1901), published in Chinese by the Commercial Press in Shanghai. </p>
  3.   <p>The author is Okamoto Kansuke 岡本監輔 (1839-1904), a preface is written by the „commoner“ (buyi 布衣) Kawase Nagasada 河瀨長定 (= Kawase Gitarō 河瀨儀太郎) </p>
  4.   <p>The author Okamoto Kansuke 岡本監輔 travelled to China to present the book to Zhang Zhidong, but Zhang Zhidong refused to see him. Okamoto went back to Japan, sent his manuscript to Shanghai for publication, where Kawase Nagasada 河瀨長定 (=Kawase Gitarō 河瀨儀太郎) wrote the preface to the book.</p>
  5.   <p>A scan of the work is available at the library of the Institute of Chinese Studies, Heidelberg University.</p>
  6.   </history>


2. <profileDesc>: info beyond bibliographical data


Background info on authors/editors

Only if person not in DBpedia, or if we want to add more info than in DBpedia.We will have a central file persons.xml. But for now, put the info into


  1. <person role="editor" xml:id="TangJinggao">
  2.   <persName>Tang Jinggao 唐敬杲</persName>
  3.   <note>
  4.   <p>唐敬杲(18981982),字旦初,漕河泾镇人。天资聪颖,4岁识字,12岁起读四书五经、诸子百家。1915年(民国4年)考入上海商务印书馆,任编译员17年。勤奋自学日文,编译所主任沈雁冰赞扬“敬杲日语学得特别好”。 1932年,“—·二八”之役,商务印书馆印刷厂毁于日军炮火,敬杲进《申报》馆,担任《申报月刊》、《申报年鉴》编辑,主编《现代外国名人辞典人《综合日汉大辞典》。抗日战争时期,羁沪的爱国志士拒绝出任伪职,生活艰难。 敬杲撰文向社会呼吁,并发起组织文人补助会,将募得的粮食等物送往困难户。1942年后,执教于辅仁中学、斯盛中学、光华大学。1945年,应上海“增修大藏经会”聘校注佛经。1947年,任南京国史馆协修,次年返上海。 1952年,敬杲在中国人民解放军军事医学科学院任翻译,译介大量日文军医资料,1963年因病退休。1971年,参加编写《辞海》。</p>
  5.   <p>敬杲毕生从事辞书编写和日文翻译,参与编著有《新文化辞书》、《学生国学丛书》等,未出版的有 《古书异义大辞典》稿。</p>
  6.   <p>Source: <ref target="">上海縣志 (Local history of Shanghai)</ref>
  7.   </p>
  8.   </note>
  9.   </person>

Publication circumstances
and short info on the publisher



  1. <settingDesc>
  2.   <p>According to Kawase’s preface: The author Okamoto was a great sinologist who turned away from politics because his views differed too much from those of others. He engaged in education instead. On a first visit to China in Meiji 7 or 8 (1874/75), Okamoto visited Luoyang and wrote the famous book Bankoku Shiki萬國史記 (1879, Account of World History). After twenty years, when Japan became strong and China weak, Okamoto wanted to improve the situation of China, and wrote this book for this aim.</p>
  3.   <p>The publisher Shanghai yinshuguan (Commercial Press) was founded in 1897, four years before the book was published. Shanghai yinshuguan later became a very influential press, publishing primary and secondary education textbooks, dictionaries, as well as important magazines: "Eastern Miscellany" (東方雜誌), "Education Magazine" (教育雜誌), "The Short Story Magazine" (小說月報), "Youth Magazine" (少年雜誌), "Students' Magazine" (學生雜誌).</p>
  4.   </settingDesc>




  1. <langUsage>
  2.   <language ident="zh" usage="95">Chinese</language>
  3.  <language ident="en" usage="5">English</language>
  4.   </langUsage>

Genre and style


Detailed description on 15.2.1 The Text Description


  1. <textDesc>
  2.   <channel mode="w">print</channel>
  3.   <constitution type="single">A single complete text, integrating fragments from other books.</constitution>
  4.   <derivation type="abridgment">Text is written by Okamoto himself. He states in the preface that all his book consists of information derived from other books, of which he does not give concrete sources.</derivation>
  5.   <domain type="education"/>
  6.   <factuality type="fact">Text is written with the intention to inform people about facts of Western learning.</factuality>
  7.   <interaction type="none" active="singular" passive="world"/>
  8.   <preparedness type="spontaneous"/>
  9.   <purpose type="inform" degree="high"/>
  10.   <purpose type="entertain" degree="low"/>
  11.   </textDesc>

Additional data is put into separate document, see under 3) Analyses.


3. Analyses: Parallel files [filename]-annotations.xml: info from other sources, or own analysis

(These parallel files are “born digital”. For [filename], put in name of original xml-file.)

Translations of Prefaces

Parallel file [filename]-annotations.xml/TEI/body/div


  1. <div type="preface-translation" xml:id="preface1-trans">
  2.   <p><p>
  3.   <byline>(Translated by <name ref="#KMW">Kaja Mueller-Wang</name>)</byline>
  4.   </div>

Analyses of Prefaces

Parallel file [filename]-annotations.xml/TEI/body/div


  1. <div type="preface-analysis" xml:id="ana-preface1">
  2.   <p>Analysis of preface by Kawase Nagasada 河瀨長定</p>
  3.   <p>Kawase Nagasada 河瀨長定 writes in the preface that China, although culturally superior,
  4.   has had corrupt officials who are unable to turn China from weak to strong, and to stand
  5.   against the Western powers that now put pressure on China. Kawase goes as far as calling
  6.   the “high officials asleep, the subordinate magistrates incapable” (dachen anmei, xialiao
  7.   beilou 大臣暗昧,下僚卑陋). Kawase thus criticizes the imperial governors, leaving little space
  8.   for any willingness by them to start reading Okamoto’s book. Being criticized this way in the
  9.   preface, it is doubtful if Zhang Zhidong and his subordinates would have looked into Okamoto’s book at all.</p>
  10.   <byline>(<name ref="#KMW">Analysis by Kaja Mueller-Wang</name>)</byline>
  11.   </div>

Also put a link from the analyzed object to the analysis, in this case in xixue-tanyuan.xml:
  1. <div type="preface" xml:id="preface1" ana="xixue-tanyuan-annotations.xml#ana-preface1">
  2.   <head>西學探源序</head>
  3.   <p>韋菴岡本先生。學博識卓。窮堅老益壯。其授業子
  4.   弟幾千萬人。或在官或在野。其名聲隆隆者亦不為
  5.   少。而未嘗依之求沽也。先生壯時。單身入北海。跋涉
  6.   柯太諸島。後爲開拓判官數年。與人議不合辭罷。....</p>
  7.   </div>


Parallel file [filename]-annotations.xml/TEI/body/div

Advertisements for this book from other sources: digitized fulltext here.


  1. <div type="advertisement" xml:id="ad-from-Funue-zazhi-p123">
  2.   <p>[Digitized text of advertisements for the book (from other sources)]</p>
  3.   <p>[Short info about the place and context where it is from.]</p>
  4.   </div>

Analyses of Advertisements

Parallel file [filename]-annotations.xml/TEI/body/div

Analysis of advertisements in the book (for other books)
Analysis of advertisements for this book (from other sources)


  1. <div type="advertisement-analysis" xml:id="ana-ad-p567">
  2.   <p>……..</p>
  3.   <byline>(Analysis by <name ref="#KMW">Kaja Mueller-Wang</name>)</byline>
  4.   </div>


Parallel file [filename]-annotations.xml/TEI/body/div

(Analysis of who was intended and actual readership; do we have any info from anywhere? E.g. cost of the book, circulation numbers, numbers of reprints, intended readership mentioned in preface, info from other primary or secondary sources, hints from the advertisements, references in diaries of readers, mentioning of the book in other books. Write as text.)


  1. <div type="readership-analysis" xml:id="readership">
  2.   <p></p>
  3.   <byline>(Analysis by <name ref="#OSM">Otto Schnabelmeier</name>)</byline>
  4.   </div>

“Hidden grammars”

Parallel file [filename]-annotations.xml/TEI/body/div

(= underlying assumptions, world views, arguments, motives) in the work; e.g. socialist view, argument that all Western sciences originate in China, is the work written from a native perspective, other interesting points…)


  1. <div type="HiddenGrammars" xml:id="hiddengrammars-01">
  2.   <p></p>
  3.   </div>

Secondary literature

Parallel file [filename]-annotations.xml/TEI/body/

 (Research papers dealing with this work)


  1. <div type="secondary-literature" xml:id="seclit">
  2.   <bibl>梅嘉樂 (Barbara Mittler), 为人人所必需的有用新知? 商务印书馆及其新文化辞书 (Useful New Knowledge for Everyone to Digest? The Xin wenhua cishu ) in: 近代中国的百科辞书 (Modern Chinese Encyclopedias) Chen Pingyuan, Milena Dolezoleva-Velingerova Hrsg. Beijing 2007, 193-213).</bibl>
  3.   <p>Mittler analysis the readership of the Chinese encyclopedia Xinwenhua Cishu, based on the contents of selected entries.
  4.   She addresses questions of different levels of education as well as gender.</p>
  5.   <bibl>[other secondary literature]</bibl>
  6.   <p>[short description]</p>
  7.   </div>


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