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Secondary literature in chronological order

To be updated.


Wen Ching (pseudo.), “The Chinese Encyclopaedists”, in Wen Ching (pseudo.), The Chinese Crisis from Within, Rev. G. M. Reith ed. London: Grant Richards 1901, p. 31-48.


Giles, Lionel. AN ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO THE CHINESE ENCYCLOPAEDIA CH’IN TING KU CHIN TU SHU CHI CH'ENG. London: British Museum, 1911.


Heibonsha 平凡社 ed., Hyakka jiten no rekishi 百科事典の歴史 , Tōkyō : Heibonsha, 1964. Contents: Ō-Bei hyakka jiten kankō nenpyō kanmatsu betsuyō: 欧米百科事典刊行年表卷末別頁: p. 1-4. Genkō shuyō hakka jiten ichiran: p. 71現行主要百科事典一覽: p. 71.


Bauer, Wolfgang. “The Encyclopedia in China.” Cahiers d'histoire mondiale 9(1966)3, pp. 665-91.


Fukukama, Tatsuo, 1919-1968. 福鎌達夫, Meiji shoki hyakka zensho no kenkyū, 明治初期百科全書の研究 (A study of early Meiji encyclopedias), Tōkyō, Kazama Shobō, 1968, 573 pp.


Yayoshi Mitsunaga 彌吉光長, Hyakka jiten no seirigaku 百科事典の整理學 (The ordering systems of encyclopedic writing). Tōkyō : Takeuchi Shoten, 1972.


Jiang Chunfang 姜椿芳, “Zhongguo diyibu baike quanshu” 中國第一部百科全書,Cishu yanjiu 辭書研究,(1980):4。1-6, 21


孟彭兴; 林永俣, "新发现的《洋事杂录》述论" (On Lin Zexu, Yangshi zalu) in Xueshu yuekan 学术月刊 , 1985年 12期, 67-72


陈胜粦,"林则徐“开眼看世界”的珍贵记录——林氏《洋事杂录》评介," (on Lin Zexu, Yangshi zalu), 中山大学学报(社会科学版) , 编辑部邮箱 1986年 03期, 1-13.


Dewoskin, Kenneth. “Lei-shu,” in William H. Nienhauser ed., Indiana Companion to Traditional Chinese Literature, Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 1986.


Paul B. Trescott, “Scottish political economy comes to the Far East: the Burton-Chambers Political economy and the introduction of Western economic ideas into Japan and China,” History of Political Economy 21 (1989):3, 481-502.


Jiang Chunfang 姜椿芳, Cong leishu dao baike quanshu: baike quanshu wenji 從類書到百科全書百科全書文集, Beijing: Zhongguo shuji chubanshe, 1990, 149pp.


Cao Xianzhuo 曹先擢, Chen Bingcai 陈秉才eds. , Ba qian zhong Zhongwen cishu leibian tiyao 八千种中文辞书类编提要, [Peking] : Beijing da xue chu ban she, 1992. Contains listing of late Qing and Republican era encyclopaedias, including translations.


Zhong Shaohua 鈡少華, “Xifang keji dongliu shukan mulu (1607-1911),” 西方科技東流書刊目錄 in 中國科學史通訊 Newsletter for the History of Science, 6 (Oct. 1993), 174-179, 7 (April 1994), 181-189, 8 (October 1994) 158-167, 9 (April 1995) 164- 176, 10 (October 1995) 154-170, 11 (April 1996) 140-168.


Hilde de Weerdt, „“Aspects of Song Intellectual Life: A Preliminary Inquiry into Some Southern Song Encyclopedias.” Papers on Chinese History 3 (1994), 1-27.


Xu Su 徐蘇,”Yang Jialuo ji qi xueshu chengjiu (1) 楊家駱及其學術成就 (上),”中国典籍与文化 (1995)3:36-40。Details about translations from Diderot’s encyclopedia into Chinese.


Zhong Shaohua 鈡少華, Renlei zhishi de xin gongju – Zhong Ri jindai baikequanshu yanjiu 人類知識的新工具 — 中日近代百科全書研 究, 北京:北京圖書館出版社,1996.


Zhong Shaohua 鈡少華, Jinqu ji. Zhong Shaohua wencun 進取集 : 鍾少華文存 , Peking: 北京 : 中國國際廣播出版社, 1998.


Christoph Harbsmeier, Science and Civilization in China 7.1: Language and Logic, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1998


Zou Zhenhuan 鄒振環, “Jindai zuizao baike quanshu de bianyi yu Qing mo wenxian zhong de Dideluo” 近代最早百科全書的編譯與清末文獻中的狄德羅 (The compilation of the first modern encyclopedia and Diderot in Late Qing writings), Fudan xuebao (Shehui kexue ban) 復旦學報(社會科學版)1998.3: 47-52.


Kaderas, Christoph, Die Leishu der er imperialen Bibliothek des Kaisers Qianlong (reg. 1736 - 1796), Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 1998, xi, 336 p.


Hijiya-Kirschnereit ed., Canon and Identity: Japanese Modernization Reconsidered: Transcultural Perspectives, Tokyo: Deutsches Institut für Japanstudien, 2000.


Hyakka jiten to hakubutsu zufu no kyōen, hyakugaku renkan: Zakkyō, Shokyō sōritsu 50-shūnen kinen, Sekai Shuppan Bunka Shiten. 百科事典と博物図譜の饗宴, 百学連環 : 雑協・書協創立 50周年記念, 世界出版文化史展. Tōkyō : Insatsu Hakubutsukan, 2007.


Lei Yu 雷雨, „Qingmo zhongwen baike quanshu zhi xingqi” 清末中文百科全書之興起, Anqing shifan xueyuan xuebao (Shehui kexue ban) 安慶師範學院學報(社會科學版), 19(2000)4。


Wang JiarongFukukama Tatsuo 汪家熔, “<Ci Yuan>, <Ci hai> de kaichuangxing 《辞源》、《辞海》的开创性,” in Cishu yanjiu 4 (2001), 130-140.


Li Di 李迪, Guo Shirong 郭世榮, „Zhongguo xiandai diyibu baike quanshu - <普通百科新大辭典>,“ Cishu yanjiu 2002(3) p. 122-126.


Kurz, Johannes, Das Kompilationsprojekt Song Taizongs (reg. 976-997), Bern ; Berlin : Peter Lang, 2003, 283 p.


Li Di 李迪, Guo Shirong 郭世榮, “Qingmo „Putong baike xin dacidian” ji qi xueshu jiazhi 清末<普通百科新大辭典>,” Zhongguo keji shiliao 中國科技史料, 24.(2003)1:47-57.


Takeuchi Horiyuki: 竹内弘行,康有為『日本書目志』の一考察 A Study on Kang Youwei's 康有為 Bibliography of Japanese Books (Ri-ben Shu-mu-zhi 日本書目志), 名古屋大學文學部研究論文集。哲學, The Journal of the Faculty of Literature, Nagoya University. Philosophy. 49 (2003) 77-95.


Zuo Yuhe 左玉河, „Dianji fenlei yu jindai Zhongguo zhishi xitong de bianhua
典籍分类与近代中国知识系统之演化”, Huadong shifan daxue xuebao 36 (2004)6: 48-59.


Wei, Shang. “The Making of the Everyday World: Jin Ping Mei cihua and Encyclopedias for Daily Use.” In Dynastic Crisis and Cultural Innovation. From the Late Ming to the Late Qing and Beyond. Edited by David Der-wei Wang and Shang Wei, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2005, pp. 63-92.


Li Xin 李歆, “Yang Jialuo xiansheng ji qi wenxianxue chengjiu, 楊家駱先生及其文獻學成就,” Tushu qingbao gongzuo 圖書情報工作 50(2006)2:17-20.图


Milena Dolezelova-Velingerova & M. Henri Day: "Huang Moxi 黃摩西 (1866-1913): His discovery of British aesthetics and his concept of Chinese fiction as aesthetic system." In: Chiu Ling-yeong with Donatella Guida eds. , A Passion for China. Essay in Honour of Paolo Santangelo for his 60th birthday. Leiden Boston: Brill,2006, pp. 93-141.


Chen Pingyuan 陳平原, Milena 米列娜 [Dolezelova] eds., Jindai Zhongguo de baike cishu 近代中國的百科辭書, Beijing: Peking University Press, 2007. Contents:
Chen Pingyuan, 代序
夏曉虹,從 “尚友錄” 到”名人傳略” , 1-32
瓦格納 (Rudolf G. Wagner), 晚清新政與西學百科全書, 33-56
鍾少華,清末百科辭書條目特色研究,57-92
費南山(Natascha Gentz),糾纏知識的范本, 93-111
阿梅龍(Iwo Amelung), 晚清百科全書, “新學備纂”,及其與科舉制度的關係,112-134
米列納 (Milena Dolezelova-Velingerova),未完成的中西文化之橋 –一部近代中國的百科全書(1911), 135-154
陳平原, 晚清辭書與教科書視野中的 “文學”,155-192
梅嘉樂 (Barbara Mittler), “爲人人所必需的有用新知”? – 商務印書館及其新文化辭書, 193-213


Chen Pingyuan 陳平原, “Wan Qing cishu shiye zhong de “wenxue” – yi Huangren de bianzuan huodong wei zhongxin” 晚清辭書視野中的<文學>- 以黃人的編纂活動為中心, Beijing daxue xuebao (Zhexue shehui kexue ban), 44.2 (March 2007), 59-74.


Zhang Xiaoli 章小麗,Riben cishu dui Qing mo Zhongguo de yingxiang 日本辭書對清末中國的影響, unpubl. M.A. thesis Zhejiang University, 2007.


Elman, Benjamin, “Collecting and Classifying: Ming Dynasty Compendia and Encyclopedias (Leishu).” In Florence Bretelle-Establet and Karine Chemla eds, Qu’était-ce qu’écrire une encyclopédie en Chine? Paris: Presses Universitaires de Vincennes, 2007, pp. 131-157.


Li Zhimin 李智敏, Lu Lili 鲁丽丽, “Huang Moxi yu Zhongguo baike quanshu” 黄摩西与中国百科全书 (Huang Moxi and Chinese Encyclopedia), Dangdai tushuguan当 代图书馆, 92(2007)4.12-24.
Abstract: 上个世纪初,一种新的文化现象出现在中国—即中文的现代西式百科全书问世。这些新式教育工具书以简洁的语言为中国当时社会文化中的众多问题提供了简明而有序的信息,其创新意义,远非那时中国所使用的"类书"所能概括。本文考察了黄摩西1911年出版的《普通百科新大辞典》,它被视为1903—1911年间中国出版的同类著作中最先进的一部。我们特别关注这部著作之所以成为"现代"工具书的那些特征,展示出学者黄摩西的学术成就;并从一个特定角度,呈现已成为晚清社会风格标志的西学东渐的过程。


瓦格纳 R. Wagner, Rudolf, "Wan Qing xinzheng yu xixue baike quanshu 晚清新政与西学百科全书," in Chen Pingyuan 陈平原, Miliena [=Milena Dolezelova] 米列娜 eds., Jindai Zhongguo de baike quanshu 近代中国的百科全书, Beijing: Peking University Press,2007, 33-56.


Li Hsiao-t’i (Li Xiaoti) 李孝悌, “Jianli xin shiye: wan Qing de baike quanshujia” 建立新事業:晚清的百科全書家, Paper distributed for Taipei conference 2007 of Encyclopedia project.


Dolezelova, Milena, “Yibu jindai Zhongguo de baike quanshu: Wei wancheng de Zhong Xi wenhua de qiao 一部近代中國的百科全書: 為完成的中西文化的橋, Beijing daxue xuebao (Zhexue shehui kexue ban), 44.2 (March 2007), 75-84.


Pan Jun 潘钧, Riben cishu yanjiu 日本辞书研究, Shanghai: Shanghai Renmin chubanshe, 2008.


Sun Qing 孫青, “The Terminological Dictionary for Classical Studies of the Society for the Support of National Studies and the shift in Chinese classical ‘knowledge resources’ during the late Qing 國學扶輪社《文科大辭典》與清末本土經典的‘知識資源’轉型, in Wakumon 或問 15(2008), 85-96.


Zhu Weiming 朱偉明, Lixing qizhi xia de guanzhu: lun 18 shiji Faguo “Baike quanshu” dui Zhongguo de chanshi 理性旗幟下的關注:論18世紀法國《百科全書》對中國的闡釋, unpubl M.A. thesis Huadong Shifan daxue 2008.
ABSTRACT
Denis Diderot(1713—1784)was a French encyclopedist,philosopher and
litterateur,one of the representatives during the French Enlightenment in 1 8m century.
As the chief editor of“Encyclopedia”,which was one of the most important works
during the Enlightenment,he devoted aboutⅡlirty years to accomplishing this work in
collaboration with more than 1 50 contemporary scholars.“Encyclopedia'’constructed
a totally new knowledge system,intruducing the newest knowledge and the latest
scientific and technological achievement at that time from a materialistic point of
view,offering a rational guidance for people to tmnk about this world witll its brand
new comprehension of knowledge and nature.It played a significant role in
destroying theocracy in medieval Europe,developing modem materialistic philosophy
and providing all ideological preparation for the French Revolution in 1 789.
The 1 8m century was also the very era when Chinese culture was prosperously
transmitted to Europe.The vast expanse of Chinese territory,the large population of
China,the comparatively long and stable history of China and the Confucian Theories
about society,politics and ethics which have been spread and developed in China for
more than 2000 years cast a great influence on French thinkers,and supplied them
with ideological materials for tlleir thinking on various problems of France and
justifying their own theories.This paper tries to interpret the chief editor Diderot’S
views on China through studying the China-related entries in“Encyclopedia'’,SO as to
put forward a primary opinion of French thinkers’views on China,the evolution of
their views,and the cause of the evolution,during 1 81h CelltBry,especially the last half of 18th century.
This paper is composed of six parts,including the introduction,the first to the
fourth chapters and the conclusion.
The introduction briefly describes the general background of the compilation of
‘‘Encyclopedia'’and Chinese‘‘Cultural Fever’’,the purpose and significance of this
topic,and the current situation of the studies on“Encyclopedia’’and Diderot’S views
on Chinabom at home and abroad.
Chapter one introduces‘‘Encyclopedia”and the eighteenth—century France where
‘‘Encyclopedia'’Was born。It could be subdivided into two sections.The first section
introduces the publication of“Encyclopedia'’and its influence,mainly discussing the
motivation and methodology adopted by Diderot et al in the process of compiling
“Encyclopedia'’,its innovation and uniqueness as the most important and influential
work during the Enlightenment,and its contribution to spreading enlightenment
opinions,fighting against religious obscurantism and absolute monarchy.The second
section introduces the French society in 1 8m century when“Encyclopedia'’Was born,
briefly illustrating the situation of a culture,industry and commerce in France
where an old social system Was dying;it describes the conflicts involved in different
domains like politics,economy,society etc;it states the eniightenment thinkers’
criticism on the old social system with nature and reason as their arlns,as well as their
revolutionary ideas or even advocacy.What have been mentioned are all about the
historical background of“Encyclopedia'’,which was compiled,published and became
an effective tool in spreading erdightenment opinions as a rational,scientific and
systematic work.
Chapter two introduces the‘‘China Fever'’in eighteenth-century France,
composed of two sections.Section one mainly states the overall circumstances of
“China Fever'’,the contribution and significant works of missionaries who visited
China,and the fact that France became the centre of‘‘China Fever'’at that time due to
its politics,economy and culture,etc.Section two states the China-related topics
frequently discussed by French eraightenment thinkers,the evolution of their remarks
and views on China,the viewpoints standing for or against China and their respective
representatives,and the gradual increasing of those remarks on numerous demerits of
China in the 1 750s and 1 760s when the compilation of‘‘Encyclopedia'’started
Chapter three systematically introduces the China-related entries in
“Encyclopedia'’,subdivided into three sections.Section one describes the writers of
China-related entries and the main entries they wrote.Section two discusses two main
Sources of China-related materials in‘‘Encyclopedia'’.Section three introduces
China-related entries in‘‘Encyclopedia'’from various aspects,including philosophy
and religion,history and chronology,government,economy,technology and science,
etc,and generalizes an image of China reflected in“Encyclopedia'’.
Chapter four discusses Diderot’S views on China,composed of three sections.As
the chief editor of‘‘Encyclopedia'’,Diderot not only wrote the famous entries‘‘China'’
and‘‘Chinese philosophy'’,outlining the developmental process of Chinese
philosophy for the first time,but also held a dialectic and objective attitude towards
Chinese culture,history and philosophy,different from Voltaire and Montesquieu,the
former always showing a positive view on China while the latter always showing a
negative one.Diderot was constantly skeptical about the China•related information in
contemporary people’S mind.Moreover,his comments on China reflected the features
of time change.Therefore,one independent chapter is specially arranged to make a
ful-ther analysis for a better understanding of the China in‘‘Encyclopedia'’and the
influence that China cast on the eighteenth-century French enlightenment thinkers.
This chapter is composed of three sections.Section one introduces Diderot’S life and
his contribution to the compilation of“Encyclopedia'’.Section two introduces the
China-related entries written by Diderot and the classification of them.Section three
analyzes and summarizes Diderot’S views on China.
The conclusion makes a further summary of‘‘Encyclopedia'’and French
enlightenment thinkers’views on China. In addition to author’S comments and
analyses,some problems worth thinking about ale put forward for the cultural
communication and international dialogue between China and other countries.
KEY WORD:Diderot,Encyclopedia,Enlightenment,Views on China,Culture


Wagner, Rudolf, „Encyclopedia,“ in David Pong ed., Encyclopedia of Modern China, New York: Charles Scribners Sons/Reference, 2009, vol. 1, p. 511-512.


Qiu Pengsheng 邱澎生,”Qingmo liangzhong Zhongguo “Baike quanshu” de jingji yu falü zhi xue” 清末兩種中國“百科全書”的經濟與法律之學, in Xin Shixue 新史學第三卷, Beijing: Zhonghua, 2009, 155-183. Deals with the legal and economic terms in 洋務經濟通考 and 普通百科新大辭典


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