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  • PD Dr. Sophie Roche

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Sophie Roche, PD Dr.

Sophie Roche, PD Dr.

Position

  • Junior Research Group Leader

Contact information

Karl Jaspers Centre for Advanced Transcultural Studies
Voßstraße 2, Building 4400
Room 108
69115 Heidelberg
Germany

Email:
sophie.roche@asia-europe.uni-heidelberg.de
Phone:
+49 (0) 6221 54 4380
Fax:
+49 (0) 6221 54 4012

About Sophie Roche

Sophie Roche is currently leading the junior research group “The Demographic Turn in the Junction of Cultures” at the Cluster of Excellence “Asia and Europe in a Global Context” at the University of Heidelberg. She worked at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Germany and received her PhD from the Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg in 2010. In this period, she studied youth as a socio-demographic factor (youth bulge) in Tajikistan which was published by Berghahn Books 2014 (paperback 2016) ‘Domesticating youth: Youth Bulges and their Socio-Political Implications in Tajikistan’. She then joined the Zentrum Moderner Orient in Berlin in 2010 with a project on jihad in text and context, an ethnographic approach. The resulting book manuscript “The Faceless Terrorist. A Cultural Enquiry of Jihad” was the base for her Habilitation at the University of Heidelberg accomplished in May 2016. At the ZMO she also edited a book containing the texts and biographies of leading orientalists (Arabists) from Central Asia and Russia “Central Asian Intellectuals on Islam: Between Scholarship, Politics and Identity” within the ZMO Studien (2014)

 She has extensive ethnographic experiences in Tajikistan since 2002, in Russia among Migrants from Central Asia since 2010 and among Muslims in Germany and Turkey since 2014. Beside classic ethnographic method she developed socio-demographic methods for social anthropology and biographical approach for transcultural studies. She has authored several articles that contextualize Tajiks within theoretical debates such as conflict studies, transcultural studies, and Islam in Europe and Russia and Soviet ethnography. She has been awarded visiting scholarships by the Institute d’études de l’islam et des sociétés du monde musulman (IISMM) and the Fondation Maison Science de l’Homme (FMSH) both in Paris.

Projects

Curriculum vitae

 

Academic Background

2016

Habilitation at the University of Heidelberg, Germany. Habilitation (second monograph): “The Faceless Terrorist. A Cultural Enquiry of Jihad.” (Habilitation exams: April 2016)

Since 2013

Junior Research Group Leader at the Cluster ‘Asia and Europe in a Global Context’ at the University of Heidelberg. Project title: The demographic turn at the junction of culture. (Since July 2013)

2010- 2013

Post-doctoral position at Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin. Project: Youth and identity in text and context. ‘Interdisciplinary approaches to Islamic fundamentalism among young Tajik men’. (March 2010 to February 2012) and ‘Central Asian intellectuals on Islam: between scholarship, politics and identity.’ (March 2012 to April 2013)

2010

PhD at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle/Saale, Germany. Dissertation thesis: “Domesticating youth. The youth bulge in post-civil war Tajikistan.” (Defense: June 2010, Summa Cum Laude)

2007

Preparation courses of the European Doctoral School of Demography (EDSD) at Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany. (September-October)

2000–2001

Erasmus/Sokrates year in Paris at INALCO (Institut National des Langues et Civilisation Orientales), courses taken in: Arabe littéral, islam et islamologie and Mongole, langue et histoire; and EHESS (École des Hautes Études en Science Sociales).

1999 – 2005

Magister in Social Anthropology at the Freie Universität Berlin and Central Asian Studies at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin: Thesis title: Bürgerkrieg und Wandel rechtlicher Flexibilität. Ethnographische Fallstudie von Generationskonflikten in Vadi Rasht/Duschanbe (Tadschikistan). (Civil war and legal pluralism. An ethnographic case study of generation conflicts in Vadi Rasht/Dushanbe.) (Magister: April 2005)

 

Employment History

Since 2013

Akademische Mitarbeiterin. Junior Research Group Leader at the Cluster ‘Asia and Europe in a Global Context’ at the University of Heidelberg. Project title: The demographic turn at the junction of culture. (Since July 2013)

2012- 2013

Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin (Research Associate) at Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin. Project: Central Asian intellectuals on Islam: between scholarship, politics and identity. (March 2012 to April 2013)

2010- 2012

Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin at Zentrum Moderner Orient, Berlin. Project: Youth and identity in text and context. Interdisciplinary approaches to Islamic fundamentalism among young Tajik men. (March 2010 to February 2012)

2009- 2010

Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin (teaching grant) at Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Institute for Social Anthropology. (October 2009 to March 2010)

2008-2009

Stipendiatin at the Graduate School Asia and Africa in World Reference Systems. Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg. (October-March)

2005 - 2008

Doktorandin at the Max-Planck-Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle/Saale, Germany. Dissertation thesis ‘Domesticating youth. The youth bulge in post-civil war Tajikistan’.

 

Grants, Awards

2015

Visiting Professor at Institute d’études de l’islam et des sociétés du monde musulman (IISMM), Paris.

2014

Visiting Researcher at Fondation Maison Science de l’Homme (FMSH), Paris.

2008-2009

Grant of the Graduate School ‘Society and Culture in Motion’, Martin-Luther-University, Halle-Wittenberg, Germany.

2003

DAAD Travel grant: ‚Go-East’ program of the DAAD. Research in vadi Rasht/Tajikistan on ‚Erinnerungen an den Bürgerkrieg’ (Memories of the Civil War). (June-September)

2001

ASA participant within ASA program: ‘Research on traditional medical systems among the grassland people and FulBe’ (Northwest Cameroon, Mbororo). (Funded by ASA) (July-September)

2000

DAAD Travel grant: Field trip to Uzbekistan. Research on ‘National minority problems in Uzbekistan’. Zentralasienseminar, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany. (March)

 

Training of Teaching Skills

2014

Training: Supervising the doctorate, HDZ Heidelberg.

2009

Teaching training: Didactic courses for university teachers I and II, at Martin-Luther-University, Halle-Wittenberg, Germany.

2007

Preparation courses of the European Doctoral School of Demography (EDSD) at Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany. (Septmber-October)

 

 Editorial Membership

Member of International Advisory Board of Central Asian Survey (flagship journal of Central Asian Studies) since 2015

Member of the editorial board of the Oral History Project Tajikistan, hosted by the OSCE Academy in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.

 

Review Activities

Regularly review activities for Central Eurasian Reader, Klaus Schwarz Verlag, Berlin.

Review activities for

Central Asian Survey (Taylor & Francis); International Sociology (SAGE); Democratizatsiya (George Washington University); Etudes rurales (EHESS, Paris); Central Asian Affairs (Brill).

 

Leading Positions and Academic Administration

Representative of Mittelbau in the Steering Committee of the Cluster of Excellence ‘Asia and Europe in a Global Context’. (Elected in August 2015)

Management and administration of a Junior Research Group at the Cluster ‘Asia and Europe in a Global Context’ at the University of Heidelberg. (Management of budget, PhDs, student assistants, publications, conferences, summer school, etc.)

 

Ethnographic Research and Language Skills

- Tajikistan (2002, 2003, 2006-2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015)

   (in all about 22 months)

- Russia (2010, 2011, 2012, 2014) (in all about 3 months)

- Turkey (2013, 2014)
- Cameroon (2001)
- Uzbekistan (2000)
- Mongolia (1998)

 

Selected publications

 

Monograph

(Monograph) 2014. Domesticating youth. Youth bulges and their socio-political implications in Tajikistan. New York, Oxford: Berghahn. Paperback Edition: spring 2016

2015. (Habilitation, second monograph) The Faceless Terrorist. A Cultural Enquiry of Jihad. University of Heidelberg.

(Dissertation Thesis) 2010. Domesticating youth. The youth bulge of post-civil war Tajikistan. Dissertation, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg. (Summa Cum Laude).

 

Collected Volumes

(ed.) 2017. The Family in Central Asia: New Research Perspectives. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz.

Forthcoming (ed.) 2017. Изучение семьи в Центральной Азии: новые перспективы. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz.

with M. Faizulloev (eds.) 2016. Экскурсия этнографи ба Лангари Моҳиён. (Ethnographic excursion to Langari Mohiyon) (Student Project) Independent Print.

(ed.) 2014. Central Asian Intellectuals on Islam: between Scholarship, Politics and Identity (ZMO Studien 32). Berlin: Klaus Schwarz.

 

Article in Journals (peer-reviewed)

2016. A sound family for a healthy nation. Motherhood in Tajik national politics and society. Nationality Papers.

2015. Twenty-five Somonis for a good future: How young women in Tajikistan shape their futures and secure their present. Central Asian Affairs 2, pp. 71-94.

2013. Continuities and disruptions in Islamic education. Biographies of shogirds in Tajikistan. Anthropology of the Contemporary Middle East and Central Eurasia 1(1), pp. 23-53.

2013. Categories of analysis and categories of practice since the Tajik civil war. Antropologia 13(16), pp. 69-92.

2012. Gender in narrative memory. The example of civil war narratives in Tajikistan. Ab Imperio 3, pp. 279-307.

2011, mit Sophie Hohmann. Wedding rituals and the struggle over national identities. Central Asian Survey 30/1, pp. 113-128.

2010. Friendship relations in Tajikistan. An ethnographic account. Ab Imperio 3, pp. 273-298.

2010. From youth bulge to conflict. The case of Tajikistan. Central Asian Survey 28/4, pp. 405-420.

2010, mit Sophie Hohmann und Michel Garenne. The changing sex ratios at birth during the civil war in Tajikistan: 1992-1997. The Journal of Biosocial Science 42/6, pp. 773-786.

 

Articles and Book Contributions

(forthcoming) Women move the cradle with one hand and with the other, the world!’ Methodological reflections on the ‘women’s question’ in Central Asia.” In L. Lindsey and M. Najafizadeh (eds.), Women of Asia: Globalization, Development, and Social Change. London: Routledge.

2017. The Family in Central Asia: New Research Perspectives. In S. Roche (ed.), The Family in Central Asia: New Perspectives. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz, pp. 7-38.

with Sophie Hohmann 2017. Between the Central Laws of Moscow and Local Particularity. The reproduction of subgroups in the south of Tajikistan. In Philip Kreager and Astrid Bochow (eds.), Fertility, Conjuncture, and Difference: Anthropological Approaches to the Heterogeneity of Modern Fertility Declines. New York, Oxford: Berghahn.

2015. An Iceberg Theory in Conflict Studies. (Response to book discussion ‘Domesticating Youth’). Central Asian Affairs 2/4.

2014. The Faithful Assistant. Muhiddin Faizulloev‘s Life and Work in the Light of Russian Ethnography. Working Paper of FMSH. www.fmsh.fr/en/c/6540

2014. Some final remarks.  In: S. Roche (ed.). Central Asian Intellectuals on Islam: between Scholarship, Politics and Identity (ZMO Studien 32), pp. 313-370.

2014, mit Jeanne Féaux de la Croix. Introduction: Connecting life and work. In: S. Roche (ed.).  Central Asian Intellectuals on Islam: between Scholarship, Politics and Identity (ZMO Studien 32), pp. 27-51.

2012. Tracing jihod and shahid through local narratives in Tajikistan. Poznanskie Studia Srodkowoazjatyckie 3, (Prof. Marek Gawecki (ed.)).

2012, mit Sophie Hohmann. Wedding rituals and the struggle over national identities. In: John Heathershaw and Edmund Herzig (eds.). The transformation of Tajikistan. The sources of statehood. London: Routledge, Chapter 8.

2011. From youth bulge to conflict. The case of Tajikistan. In: Stefan Kirmse (ed.). Youth in the former Soviet South. Everyday lives between experimentation and regulation. London: Routledge, Chapter 3.

2011, mit John Heathershaw. Islam and political violence in Tajikistan: an ethnographic perspective on the causes and consequences of the 2010 armed conflict in the Kamarob gorge. Ethnopolitics Papers 8.

2010, mit Aksana Ismailbekova. Demography and Patronage. The dynamics of youth bulge in Kyrgyzstan. ORIENT IV, pp. 33-43.

 

Archival Resource

2017. “The M. Faizulloev Collection”:https://faizulloev.freizo.org/

 

Online Publications

2017. Софи Рош о войне в Таджикистане: “В груди у матери-шахида все еще было молоко” (Sophie Roche on Tajik women during the civil war: «The breast of the shahid-mother had milk») Central Asian Analytical Network, May 29, 2017 caa-network.org/archives/9143

2015. Malthus and the EXPO 2015. allegralaboratory.net/malthus-and-the-expo-2015/

 2014. Роль ислама в жизни центральноазиатских мигрантов в Москве. CERIA Brief 2. October, 2014. Download at: https://app.box.com/s/i0jpzy2kbxw1jalehyxs

2014. The role of Islam in the lives of Central Asian migrants in Moscow. CERIA Brief 2. October 2, 2014. Download at: centralasiaprogram.org/blog/2014/11/18/islam-and-migrants-in-moscow/

with H. Liebau, A.v. Oppen and S. Strickrodt 2012. Conference Report: ‘Ruptures and Linkages: Biography and History in the South.’ German Historical Institute London Bulletin 34 (2), pp. 118-125. www.ghil.ac.uk/publications/bulletin.html

with Dina Wilkowsky 2011. Islam and Society in Central Asia. ZMO Orient Bulletin 29, p. 5. www.zmo.de

with Dina Wilkowsky 2011. Nouruz in Berlin. Central Asia on Screen & Stage e.V., 19th April 2011. www.tethys.caoss.org

with John Heathershaw 2011. A recipe for radicalisation: the campaign against Islam in Tajikistan. OpenDemocracy, 17th January 2011. www.opendemocracy.net

with Aksana Ismailbekova 2010. The glimmer of hope in bloody Kyrgyzstan. Ferghana.ru Information agency, 11th August 2010. www.Ferghana.ru

with Aksana Ismailbekova 2010. Проблеск надежды в окровавленном Кыргызстане. Новости Центральной Азии 10th August 2010. <cite>www.ferghana.ru</cite><cite></cite>

with John Heathershaw 2010. Conflict in Tajikistan – not really about radical Islam. OpenDemocracy, 19th October 2010. www.opendemocracy.net

with John Heathershaw2010. Tajikistan’s marginalised youth. OpenDemocracy, 20th October 2010. www.opendemocracy.net

 

Book Reviews

Nomadismes d’Asie centrale et septentrionale, by Charles Stépanoff, Crole Ferret, Gaëlle Lacaze, Julien Thorez (2013). Paris: Armand Colin, review by S. Roche (2015) in Étude rurales 195: 184-87.

Labour Migration from Tajikistan, by Saodat Olimova and Igor Bosc (2003), Dushanbe: International Organization for Migration in Cooperation with the Sharq Scientific Research Center, review by S. Roche (2011) in Central Eurasian Reader II, CNRS, EHESS, Berlin: Klaus Schwarz.

Une civilization du chevale: Les usages de l'équidé de la steppe à la taïga, by Carole Ferret (2009), Paris: Belin & IFEAC,  review by S. Roche (2011) in Central. Eurasian Reader II, CNRS, EHESS, Berlin: Klaus Schwarz.

Muslim Youth: Tensions and Transitions in Tajikistan, by Colette Harris (2006), Boulder, Colo: Westerview Press, review by S. Roche (2011) in Central Eurasian Reader II, CNRS, EHESS, Berlin: Klaus Schwarz.

Fremdbestimmtes Leben. Eine biographische Studie über Frauen in Tschetschenien, by Marit Cremer (2007), Bielefeld: Transcript, review by S. Roche (2011) in Central Eurasian Reader II, CNRS, EHESS, Berlin: Klaus Schwarz.

Les Russes du Kazakhstan: Identités nationales et nouveaux États dans l’espace post-soviétique, by Marlène Laruelle und Sébastien Peyrouse (2004). Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose, review by S. Roche and S. Yessenova (2006) in The Russian Review 65/2 p. 302.

 

Interviews

(Report on public talk given at The George Washington University, Central Asia Program, February 21, 2017) Московская соборная мечеть в жизни мигрантов из Центральной Азии (The Moscow Cathedral Mosque in the Life of Migrants from Central Asia)',  Central Asian Analytical Network February 23, 2017, caa-network.org/archives/8421

Padar vatan ast! Koshonai Mehr. By Zebojon Qurbonova, Nohid 6 (41) August 2014, p.15.

Padar vatan ast! By Zebojon Qurbonova, Nilufar 4th September 2014, p. 10.

Тоҷикон таблиғия ва салафияро дар бозорҳои Русия меомӯзанд. 31st October 2014, online at:www.ozodi.org/content/islam-and-migrant-from-central-asia-in-russia/26667665.html

Interview mit Oksana Evdokimova (Deutsche Welle): Эксперт: Властям Таджикистана не стоит демонизировать ислам. 25th February 2011, online at: www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,14872815,00.html

Aufgenommen durch: Tjknews.com on the 26th February 2011 and by pravda.kg on 1st March 2011, online at: http://pravda.kg/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=676:-q-q-&catid=71:movies&Itemid=166

Ozodi (Radio Free Europe), 4th August 2011, Dushanbe, Tajikistan.

 

Public invited lectures

 

'The Moscow Cathedral Mosque in the Life of Migrants from Central Asia', Central Asia Program, The George Washington University, 21 February 2017.

'Muslim and Migrant in Moscow: Bazaar Workers from Tajikistan' Workshop organized by Mustafa Tuna: 'Preserving Culture at the Fringes in Authoritarian States', at the Centre for Slavic, Eurasian, and East European Studies, Duke University, 15 February 2017

‘Biographical Narratives of Islamic Activists.’ Annual Conference: Memory & Commemoration in Islamic Central Asia, LUCIS, Leiden University, 23-25 November 2016.

‘Fortifying cultural borders from the challenges at the margins.’ Conference: ‘Tajikistan: Approaches, Fieldworks and Topics.’ A Conference organized by the Swedish Institute of International Affairs and The George Washington University’s Central Asia Program (CAP), Stockholm, 13-14 June 2016. 

‚Marginalisierungsprozesse und Integrationsstrategien zentralasiatischer Migranten in Russland: Eine ethnographische Sicht auf die Rolle des Islam unter Migranten in Moskau.‘ (Marginalization and integration processes of Central Asian Migrants in Russia: An ethnographic view on the role of Islam among Migrants in Moscow) Symposium: ‚Muslime, Radikale und Islamophobie in der Russischen Föderation.‘ Österreichische Orient-Gesellschaft Hammer-Purgstall, Informationszentrum für Zentralasien und Südkaukasien, Vienna, 30 Mai 2016

‚Migranten aus Zentralasien im Islamischen Kontext Russlands’ (Migrants from Central Asia within the Islamic context of Russia). Organized by Prof. Bert Fragner, Österreichische Orient-Gesellschaft, Vienna, 3 December 2015.

‘Migrants from Central Asia in the Field of Islam in Russia.’ Conference on Islam in Russia, Davis Centre, Harvard, 15-16 October 2016.

Key note speaker ‘The role of Islam in the lives of Central Asian migrants in Moscow’, at International Research Conference: The World of Islam: History, Society, Culture, Moscow, 23 December 2014

'Political identity building and religious consciousness among Tajik migrants in Russia.' Workshop: 'The Central Asian migrant experience in Turkey and Russia: Comparing political subjectivities, diaspora politics, and citizen-state relations.' Boğaziçi University, Turkey 15-17 January 2014.

Discussion on Islam in security and politics.’ Workshop: ‘Understanding Central Asian Islam: Contemporary Research Standards.’ OSCE Academy in Bishkek, 11-12 September 2013

‘Orientalists as Actors of Change. Islam and Perestroika in the Lives of selected Intellectuals of Central Asia.’ Presentation at the International Conference ‘History of Perestroika in Central Asia’ organized by Irina Morozova and the Aigine Cultural Research Centre, Bishkek, 30 Mai-1 June 2013

‘Tracing jihod and shahid through local narratives in Tajikistan.’ University Adam Mickiewiczaw Poznan. Centrum Badan Srodkowoazjatyckich, organized by Marek Gawecki, 6 December 2012.

‘The teahouse/mosque in rural Tajikistan: Negotiating state and Islam in village communities.’ At the conference: ‘Islam in Central Asia: Politics, Society and Resistance, Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies’, Exeter 24 – 25 November 2012.

‘Between the Central Laws of Moscow and Local Particularity.’ University of Oxford Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology (ISCA). Fertility and Reproduction Studies Group, 19 November 2012.

’Frauen bewegen mit einer Hand die Wiege mit der anderen die Welt.’ interCultura 2012 ‘Hinter dem Schleier‘ (behind the veil) Leipzig, 5 December 2012.

Participation in workshop ‘Remembering the Civil War in Tajikistan’, organized by the OSCE Academy in Bishkek and the Academy of Dialogue in Dushanbe, 7-8 September 2012.

‘Jihad, mujahed et shahid. Concepts juridiques, pratiques locales et outils politiques. Une approche ethnographique du Tadjikistan.’ Lecture series: ‘Anthropologie comparative des sociétés et cultures musulmanes’ at Laboratoire d‘Anthropologie Sociale Collège de France, 2 April 2012.

‘Becoming Experts: Biographies of Social Scientists against the Background of Political and Social Transformations in Central Asia.’ Conference: ‘Rupture and Linkages: Biography and History in the South’, conference at the German Historical Institute London, 16-18 February 2012.

‘Comportements démographiques pendant et après la guerre civile au Tadjikistan. Le mariage d’un point de vue socio-démographique’ with Hohmann S. Lecture series: ‘L'Asie centrale dans tous ses états’ organized by S. Dudoignon, I. Ohayon, A. Ducloux, J. Thorez, by EHESS, Paris, 12 November 2009.

‘From narratives to collective memories.’ Oral History Project Independent Tajikistan. Workshop, OSCE Academy in Bishkek, 22-23 May 2008.


‘For the fear of afterlife - Islamic videos in Tajikistan.’ Lecture at Institut für Ethnologie und Afrikanistik of Munich, 17 December 2007.

 

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