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Digital Output

This is a selection of “Digital Output” that was created in recent years by or with support of the HRA, usually in close co-operation with research projects.

"Output" can mean quite a lot of different things, for example a single file, open source code, a digital tool, or even a large database with front- and back-ends. To learn more about the projects and the individuals that created them please switch to the “Projects” section.

Abou Naddara Collection

Alternative link: (sign up required)
Project/Platform: Abou Naddara Collection
This website offers the complete newspapers published by the Egyptian nationalist James Sanua (يعقوب صنوع, 1839-1912) from 1878 to 1910. In addition, formerly unpublished manuscripts by the same author, articles from newspapers of the period about the journalist and his oeuvre, as well as the decorations he received are also available.

Chinese Entertainment Newspapers

Project/Platform: “Chinese Entertainment Newspapers”
This database focuses on a special type of newspaper known as the xiaobao or entertainment newspaper. For this first phase of construction, the database mainly focuses on the xiaobao that specialized on courtesan entertainment, actors and theatre, movie stars in motion pictures, and literary productions. It covers the time period from 1890s to the 1930s.

Chinese Women's Magazines from the Late Qing and Early Republican Periods

Project/Platform: A New Approach to the Popular Press in China. Gender and Cultural Production, 1904-1937.  & “Chinese Women’s Magazines”
The database has been created to facilitate research on the project's instrument and object of investigation: the commercial periodical press, a new medium that dominated the contemporary print market and became one of the prime sites for the dissemination of knowledge and the production of culture in early twentieth century China. In particular, our focus is on four seminal women's or gendered journals-a key genre of the new media-published between 1904 and 1937. They include Nüzi shijie (Women's World, 1904-07), Funü shibao (The Women's Eastern Times, 1911-17), Funü zazhi (The Ladies' Journal, 1915-31), and Linglong (Elegance, 1931-37).

Encyclopedia Database

Project/Platform: “Hidden Grammars of Transculturality”
The Encyclopedia Database is a free and open-access full-text database containing encyclopedic works of the 19th and 20th centuries from different places in many languages. The purpose of the Encyclopedia Database is to “reveal the hidden grammars of transculturality”. We define encyclopedic writings as works that strive to present a comprehensive account of knowledge. Yet every piece of work is shaped by “hidden grammars”, which means the larger historical background of time and place, the circumstances of writing and publication, as well as people and ideas involved in the creation of a particular piece of work.

Early Chinese Periodicals Online

Project/Platform: ECPO showcase
ECPO joins together several important digital collections of the early Chinese press and makes them available open access. It provides full runs of publications including advertising inserts and illustrations, and a detailed publishing history. For a number of periodicals the project added descriptions on item level: article, image, and advertisement. Each item's content is analyzed by keywords. The project also offers a cross-database agent and data API's for data re-use.

GECCA mapped

Project/Platform: GECCA
GECCA (Group Exhibitions of Contemporary Chinese Art) has been created by Franziska Koch in connection with her Ph.D.-project on Western group exhibitions of contemporary Chinese art. At present it includes around 300 exhibition entries covering the period from 1982 to 2009. The GECCA mapped includes only group exhibitions that presented at least three mainland Chinese artists and were hosted by major public and non-profit institutions (such as communal and/or state funded museums, important privately/corporately funded art institutions and cultural centres).

Global Politics on Screen

Project/Platform: Global Politics on Screen
This website presents an introduction to the efforts of the League of Nations to investigate in the Sino-Japanese conflict about Manchuria. Our starting point is a Japanese silent propaganda film from the early 1930s about the work of the so-called Lytton Commission of the League of Nations, which visualises events of international politics for a global public. The website combines the use of the Omeka platform with the Video Annotation platform

Hachiman Digital Handscrolls

Project/Platform: HyperImage/Hachiman
The Hachiman Digital Handscrolls Project (HDH) is a pilot study to enhance digital presentations of movable image-and-text formats. The open source system HyperImage is the pivotal tool employed to realize the aims of the project. HDH offers an innovative access to seven digitized Japanese illuminated hand scrolls ranging from the 14th to the 19th century.

A New Mirror of Kāśī

Project/Platform: Hyperimage
A HyperImage representation of Kailāsanātha Sukula's historical map Kāśīdarpaṇa (1876). It is a relaunch of the basic HTML website published in 2001 by the Vārāṇasī Research Project of the South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University. The existing data was converted to the Unicode standard (utf-8) and is presented as HyperImage application.

The Priya Paul Collection

Project/Platform: Priya Paul Collection of Popular Art
The Priya Paul Collection of Popular Art contains more than 4.200 illustrations from the late 19th and the 20th century.  It is one of the finest collections of ephemera like old posters, calendars, postcards, commercial advertisements, textile labels and cinema posters in India. In a collaborative endeavor between Tasveer Ghar: A Digital Network of South Asian Popular Visual Culture and the Cluster „Asia and Europe” the collection was digitized and annotated by local and international experts. The whole set of metadata was published as open access research data in 2016, providing data in the VRA Core 4 XML format.


Source code on GitHub:
Tamboti is a collection ecosystem and metadata framework developed by the HRA, that allows users to create, organize, share and publish metadata records on intellectual and artistic works and their interrelations, e.g. bibliographical entries describing publications or catalogs or detailing cultural objects or collections of works of art.

Tasveer Ghar: A Digital Network of South Asian Popular Visual Culture

Project/Platform: “Satellites of Networks”
Tasveer Ghar: A Digital Network of South Asian Popular Visual Culture is a trans-national virtual “home” for collecting, digitizing, and documenting various materials produced by South Asia’s exciting popular visual sphere including posters, calendar art, pilgrimage maps and paraphernalia, cinema hoardings, advertisements, and other forms of street and bazaar art. It also is a platform for the publication of research essays and promotion of  interdisciplinary scholarly exchange on South Asian popular visual culture.

Thesaurus Linguae Sericae (TLS)

Redesigned TLS:
Project/Platform: About TLS
The Thesaurus Linguae Sericae (TLS) is designed as as a collaborative forum for discussion on the close reading of Chinese texts. It provides a corpus of classical Chinese texts wherever possible with interlinear translations and links the texts incorporated with an analytic dictionary of the Chinese language. It pays special attention to historical keywords. TLS works towards a cross-cultural study of conceptual history. It compiles a detailed synonym dictionary of Chinese and systematically organises the Chinese vocabulary in taxonomic hierarchies of synonym groups. TLS develops a system of syntactic categories for the analysis of Chinese texts, a system of rhetorical devices for the analysis of Chinese texts, and deploys a system of standard semantic relations, aiming to define the Chinese conceptual space as a relational space. TLS seeks to make available up-to-date databases on historical phonology and the history of Chinese characters

Turkology Annual Online

Project/Platform: “Turkology Annual Online”
The Turkologischer Anzeiger/Turkology Annual (TA) is an indispensable systematic bibliography for Turkology and Ottoman Studies. The project has digitized the first 26 published TA volumes and for the first time provides an online "re-published" version of the resource with new and efficient search functionality.

Video Annotation Database

The Video Annotation Database is powered by, an open source platform which can manage large collections of video and can collaboratively create metadata and time-based annotations. Multiple users can link scenes to other resources or relate a single scene with outside materials, such as a publication. It provides a basic descriptive set of metadata with keywords and a video transcription layer, as well as a geo-localisation tool to relate single scenes to areas on a map.

Visual Pilgrim

Project/Platform: Popular Islamic Iconography Satellites of Networks
The project is an interactive, multimedia and multi-layered presentation that locates transcultural connections and flows between various Sufi shrines or Islamic pilgrimage centres in India by plotting documented images, videos, audios and objects onto maps, thereby making linkages between different regions.

WSC Database – Modern Chinese Scientific Terminologies

Link: Tamboti collection
Project/Platform: "Modern Chinese Scientific Terminologies" - HRA5
The Project Wissenschaftssprache Chinesisch / Modern Chinese Scientific Terminologies aims to understand the distribution and transformation of Euro-American knowledge in late imperial China (ca. 1600–1911) through the reconstruction of Chinese terminologies coined, altered, disputed and successively refined since the early nineteenth century. The project has limited its scope to the disciplines of philosophy, logic, physics, chemistry, geography (i.e. "knowledge on foreign countries"), politics and international law. In addition, it concentrates on the formative period of modern Chinese scientific vocabulary between ca. 1840 and 1930.


Link: Ziziphus 1 (XForms) on GitHub
Link: Ziziphus 2 (Web Components)
Ziziphus is a digital still image metadata editor developed by the HRA. It is based on the VRA core 4 XML schema, a "data standard for the description of works of visual culture as well as the images that document them." A key feature of VRA core is the distinction between works of art ("works") and their visual representation ("images"), which may be organised in collections. Ziziphus is among the first open source implementations of a VRA editor. Its user-friendly interface offers XForms (Ziziphus1) or web-components (Ziziphus 2) based editing of metadata, which means that users are not confronted with raw XML. Ziziphus 1 is integrated into Tamboti.