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  • The Formation of Transcultural Consciousness: The Progressive-Modernist Conjuncture in South Asian Poetry Judhajit Sarkar

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Judhajit Sarkar, The Formation of Transcultural Consciousness: The Progressive-Modernist Conjuncture in South Asian Poetry

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Judhajit Sarkar, The Formation of Transcultural Consciousness: The Progressive-Modernist Conjuncture in South Asian Poetry

Kontaktinformationen

Email:
judhajit.sarkar@hcts.uni-heidelberg.de
Telefon:
017629645998

Über Judhajit Sarkar

Beginning from the late 1920s and early 1930s, when the struggle for national liberation had gained unprecedented momentum in the Indian subcontinent and ‘freedom’ was gradually becoming not only an imaginable but also negotiable reality, a number of significant changes started appearing in the intellectual and creative realms of the adjacent language-literary fields of Bangla, Hindi and Urdu. One of the most crucial sites for the appearance of these changes was poetry, and the aesthetic judgements and critical attitudes formed around it. Both domestic and international socio-political transformations during what is known as the “interwar period”, the accelerated and rapidly diversifying movement for decolonization, expansion of the “vernacular” public spheres through print capitalism and of course, the impact of all the various literary movements in Europe which together came to be identified as “modernism”, triggered these changes which happened almost simultaneously in all these three literary cultures. In the following decades, and especially with the launch of the Cold War and its associated politics of culture, critical opinion got increasingly polarized along the lines of a “decadent”, formally experimentalist “modernism” (jadidiyat/prayogvaad/adhunikata) and a socialistically oriented, “people”-centric “progressivism”(taraqqiyat/pragati), though at the moment of emergence and in the aesthetic practices of many of the poets themselves such oppositions were quite artificial and irrelevant. Hence, the necessity for imagining and analyzing these two ostensibly separate streams of poetic modernity that dominated and shaped the literary fields of these three languages in late colonial and early postcolonial South Asia as a “conjuncture” – a point of crossing between, above all, what Raymond Williams called “formal and socialist radicalisms”. Another reason for using the expression “conjuncture” in this context is to indicate the points of contact that were established between these literary cultures and the different literary trends and schools of aesthetic and critical thought in contemporaneous Europe, through translation, reception and extensive critical engagement. One of the crucial objectives of this project is to understand this process of change both diachronically, in relation to the respective literary histories of these languages, and synchronically, in terms of the connections that were forged between these literatures during this time and the dialectics of intellectual proximity and distantiaton that characterized their relationship with Europe (and later on with the Soviet Union and the United States) in the context of political decolonization and the emergent Cold War politics. The methods of multilingual literary historiography, comparative literature and intellectual history are therefore going to be extremely important for this study.        

Lebenslauf

2012-2014:          M.A, Department of Comparative Literature, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India

2009-2012:         B.A, Department of Comparative Literature, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India

Ausgewählte Publikationen

  • ‘Doing’ Comparativism: Some Reflections on the Works of Two Indian Comparatists, Across Literary and Linguistic Boundaries: Essays on Comparative Literature (Yearbook of Goethe Society of India). Peter Lang: Bern, 2014.
  • Tulanatmak Sahitya ki Chunautiya: Claudio Guillen, Tulanatmak Sahitya: Saiddhantik Pariprekshya. Ed. Hanumanprashad Shukla. Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Viswavidyalaya: Wardha, 2014. (In Hindi)
  • The ‘Heroism’ of Gandhi and the Gandhian Heroes: Strategies of Re-presentation, Heroes Anywhere and Forever: From a German, Indian and American Perspective. Ed. Sieghild Bogumil-Notz. CH. A Bachmann Verlag: Berlin, 2015.
  • To Read or Not to Read Generically: Notes toward Some Comparative Possibilities, Cultural Contexts and Literary Forms: Essays on Genre. (Yearbook of Goethe Society of India). Peter Lang: Bern, 2015.
  • Subhashita Ratnakosh, Alochanachakra, Number 39, Kolkata, 2015. (In Bangla)
  • Another Language of Modernity: The Poetry of Subhas Mukhopadhyay and Shankha Ghosh (forthcoming from Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, Shimla).
  • Neither Segregation nor Dilution: Proposing an Indian Historiography for Modern Bangla Poetry (forthcoming from Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi).

 Online Articles

 

  

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